Otoplasty, commonly known as corrective ear surgery, is rerformed through a strategically located incision in the groove behind the ear, with the intention to reposition the ears closer to the head and recreate the cartilaginous folds. The rotation of the ear can be performed by removing a piece of cartilage from the auricular shell (concave part adjacent to the ear canal) or simply by using sutures. The folds are usually created through the weakening of the cartilage and molding with sutures to ensure the healing of the tissues in the correct position.
Anesthesia may be general or intravenous sedation in combination with local anesthesia in the area being treated.
The surgical procedure takes place over an average period of 90-120 minutes (bilateral) or 60 minutes (unilateral). If necessary, this period may be extended. However, the surgical procedure time should not be confused with the amount of time the patient will be in the operating room. That amount of time will also include the administering of anesthesia and postoperative recovery.